Tuesday, May 22, 2007

U.S. History Terms


The belief that slavery should be abolished.

Alien and Sedition Acts

Laws passed during the second presidency (John Adams) that restricted public activities of radicals who sympathized with the French (who were fighting the British in Europe.)


Things and houses built before the Civil War (ante=before, bellum=war).

Articles of Confederation

The 1782 agreement among the states before the Constitution was signed in 1789.

Battle of Bull Run

The first battle of the Civil War. The Confederates won.

Battle of Bunker Hill

The first battle of the Revolutionary War. The British won.

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments to the Constitution, giving freedom of speech, press, religion, and assembly and limiting search and criminal laws.

Boston Tea Party

In 1773 colonists threw tea shipment into the harbor, an act moving toward Revolutionary War.

Civil War

1861-1865, between the Union (northern states) and the Confederacy (southern states). The Union won.

Declaration of Independence

This declares the U.S. independent of the British king; adopted July 4, 1776.

Emancipation Proclamation

President Lincoln declared all slaves to be free, 1863.

French and Indian War

British fought French in America 1754-1763. The British won and kept Canada. Some French people moved to Louisiana.


The greatest Civil War battle and a turning point. The Union won.


The first English settlement in America; Virginia, 1607.

Lewis and Clark Expedition

President Jefferson sent two explorers to the north-west (later Washington state) to see what he bought from France.

Mason-Dixon Line

Essentially was the division between northern (free) and southern (slaveholding) states.

New Amsterdam

City founded by the Dutch in 17th century; no called New York.

Plymouth Rock

Landing site for early Pilgrim on the Mayflower in 1620.

Revolutionary War

The thirteen American colonies fought the British for independence 1775-1781. The French helped. Official end was the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

(From The Vocabulary Teacher's Book of Lists. 2004, Edward B. Fry)


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